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INVENTORY FORM B CONTINUATION SHEET LEXINGTON 16 MIDDLE STREET <br /> MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION Area(s) Form No. <br /> 220 MORRISSEY BOULEVARD,BOSTON,MASSACHUSETTS 02125 <br /> 0 2255 <br /> ❑ Recommended for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. <br /> If checked,you must attach a completed National Register Criteria Statement form. <br /> Use as much space as necessary to complete the following entries, allowing text to flow onto additional continuation sheets. <br /> ARCHITECTURAL DESCRIPTION: <br /> Describe architectural features. Evaluate the characteristics of this building in terms of other buildings within the community. <br /> 16 Middle Street occupies a long, thin lot with modest front and side setbacks. Maintained chiefly in lawn, the land slopes down <br /> from the street and has a mature street tree at the street edge. A straight paved walkway extends from the street to the front <br /> entrance, and a narrow paved driveway lines the left side of the house. The building consists of a rectangular main block with a <br /> rear addition and a detached garage with its own rear addition <br /> The small main block rises from a poured concrete foundation with rubble above to a front gable roof with exposed rafter ends. <br /> A wide roof skirt across the front forms a pediment and encloses a sun porch. The porch is supported on brick piers and <br /> accessed by poured concrete steps. Walls are sheathed with aluminum siding. Windows typically have 1/1 double-hung <br /> replacement sash with narrow band molding. The front fagade has paired windows and an off-center, single leaf door with <br /> narrow sidelights. Inside on the main block facade, an off-center single-leaf door has paired windows to the right and a single <br /> window on the left. Small paired windows are centered in the half story of the main block. <br /> The left side elevation has paired windows at the side of the sun porch and, on the main block, two single windows of varied <br /> sizes and a set of paired windows towards the back. A tall, shed-roofed dormer has exposed rafter ends and no visible <br /> windows. The right side elevation has paired windows at the side of the sun porch, three single windows on the main block <br /> (including a shorter one in the middle), and a high, shed-roofed dormer with exposed rafter ends and paired windows on its front <br /> face. A small rear addition at the back right corner of the main block contains one story under a shed roof. Two pairs of <br /> windows (possibly casements or sliders)occupy its right side elevation, which appears to be sheathed in plywood to the sides <br /> and above the windows and wood panels below. <br /> A free-standing garage stands behind and to the left of the house. The small original structure has a front gable roof without <br /> returns and one vehicle bay within its wood shingled walls. A significant addition behind the garage and projecting to the right of <br /> it is also one story high. Its right side elevation contains a single-leaf pedestrian door and a picture window unit. <br /> Well maintained, 16 Middle Street has lost some historic integrity from the application of artificial siding. The house is <br /> representative of modest, affordable suburban housing in outlying areas of Lexington during the early 201h century, and <br /> contributes to a highly intact streetscape of that period. <br /> HISTORICAL NARRATIVE <br /> Discuss the history of the building. Explain its associations with local(or state)history. Include uses of the building, and the role(s)the <br /> owners/occupants played within the community. <br /> 16 Middle Street and its surrounding streetscape are an excellent example of the early 20th century suburbanization of <br /> Lexington. Marrett Road was established by the early 18th century as a secondary radial highway from the center of Lexington to <br /> surrounding towns. Present-day Marrett Road between Massachusetts Avenue and Spring Street was known as Middle Street <br /> until at least the early 20th century, and the area was primarily agricultural up until that time. <br /> New transportation systems established in the early 20th century opened up large areas of rural land in Lexington for residential <br /> and commercial development. Street railway service began in Lexington in 1900 (including a railway line down Waltham Street <br /> by 1906), replaced by bus lines in 1924. Two state roadways were designated in the town, including Marrett and Middle streets <br /> as the Route 2A bypass in the 1920s, and parts of Mass. Ave., Woburn Street, and Waltham Street as components of an early <br /> Route 128 in the 1920s and 30s. By 1921, 35 new residential subdivisions were being developed in Lexington. Small <br /> Continuation sheet I <br />