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INVENTORY FORM B CONTINUATION SHEET LEXINGTON 19 HANCOCK STREET <br /> MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION Area(s) Form No. <br /> 220 MORRISSEY BOULEVARD,BOSTON,MASSACHUSETTS 02125 <br /> 0 2133 <br /> ❑ Recommended for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. <br /> If checked,you must attach a completed National Register Criteria Statement form. <br /> Use as much space as necessary to complete the following entries, allowing text to flow onto additional continuation sheets. <br /> ARCHITECTURAL DESCRIPTION: <br /> Describe architectural features. Evaluate the characteristics of this building in terms of other buildings within the community. <br /> 19 Hancock Street occupies a large lot that slopes up gradually to the rear. Maintained chiefly in lawn, the property includes an <br /> evergreen hedge at the front and foundation plantings. A straight brick walkway extends between the house and the street and <br /> is lined with shrubbery. The building consists of a 2 story main block and a wing at the back right corner, which contains a <br /> carport accessed from Goodwin Circle. <br /> The rectangular main block rises two stories to a side gable roof(no gable returns)with a saltbox form on the right side. The <br /> roof of the main block is clad with terra cotta tile. A two-story cross-gabled wing on the left side of the house projects slightly; at <br /> the interface of the two volumes is a wide entrance pavilion with a steep gable roof, large recessed entryway, and a thin <br /> rectangular window centered in the peak. Walls are clad in brick veneer in an English cross bond pattern of alternating course of <br /> headers and stretchers. "Live edge"wood siding sheathes the gable peaks of the main block and the visible elevations of the <br /> rear wing. Windows typically have multi-light, steel casement sash with brick sills and wood or metal-faced lintels. An exterior <br /> chimney rises from the right side elevation of the main block, and an end wall chimney on the right rear wing is flush with but <br /> exposed on the exterior sheathing; both chimneys have terra cotta chimney pots. <br /> The fagade has a variety of asymmetrically set single, double, and triple window sash. The right side elevation contains an <br /> exterior chimney in the center, flanked by two windows of various sizes on the first floor and one window on the second floor. <br /> The left side elevation has brick buttress elements extending from the front and rear wall planes, asymmetrical windows of <br /> various sizes, and a single-leaf doorway offset towards the front. <br /> The right rear wing has a gable roof parallel to the portion of the main block to which it is attached. Its saltbox roof <br /> accommodates a change of level between the front and back elevations, a large pair of 12-light windows at the front fagade, and <br /> an open upper level at the back. <br /> Well preserved and generally well maintained, 19 Hancock Street is an idiosyncratic version of the locally distinctive Tudor <br /> Revival style, executed on a relatively large scale. Although it suffers from inappropriate re-pointing, the house is notable for its <br /> picturesque massing, unusual brick coursing pattern and side buttresses, tile roof and chimney pots, use of steel sash and live <br /> edge siding, and formal setting. <br /> HISTORICAL NARRATIVE <br /> Discuss the history of the building. Explain its associations with local(or state)history. Include uses of the building, and the role(s) the <br /> owners/occupants played within the community. <br /> Established by the early 18th century, Hancock Street is one of the radial roads leading outward from the meeting house in the <br /> town center. Numerous houses were already in place along the street by 1853, and by 1875 fashionable residences occupied <br /> most of the western side of the street. The eastern side of Hancock Street borders Merriam Hill and was more sparsely <br /> developed. By 1898, this property was part of a small, planned development known as Colonial Park, which consisted of 10 lots <br /> laid out around the loop road now called Goodwin Drive on what had been the estate of M. H. Merriam. Merriam moved to <br /> Oakland Street and left his house standing in the center of the loop road. <br /> Assessors' records for 19 Hancock Street show a construction date of 1921, which is generally supported by the historical <br /> records. The house appears on the historic maps between 1918 and 1927. The house was built for a prominent naval architect, <br /> Norman Skene (1878-1932), who graduated from MIT's School of Naval Architecture in 1901 and became pre-eminent as a <br /> Continuation sheet I <br />