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INVENTORY FORM B CONTINUATION SHEET LEXINGTON 24 COTTAGE STREET <br /> MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL COMMISSION Area(s) Form No. <br /> 220 MORRISSEY BOULEVARD,BOSTON,MASSACHUSETTS 02125 <br /> 0 2213 <br /> ❑ Recommended for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. <br /> ff checked,you must attach a completed National Register Criteria Statement form. <br /> Use as much space as necessary to complete the following entries, allowing text to flow onto additional continuation sheets. <br /> ARCHITECTURAL DESCRIPTION: <br /> Describe architectural features. Evaluate the characteristics of this building in terms of other buildings within the community. <br /> 24 Cottage Street occupies a long, narrow, triangular lot. The flat lot is bordered by a tall hedge along the street edge, has a <br /> gravel drive/parking area on the right side, and is maintained in lawn at the left side and back of the parcel. Set near the front of <br /> the parcel, the house consists of a 1 '/2 story main block with a one-story side extension. <br /> The small, one by two bay main block rises from a low foundation (not visible)to a front gable roof that faces the side of the lot; <br /> no gable returns. No chimneys are visible. Walls are clad with artificial siding and trim. Windows are typically 6/6 double-hung <br /> replacement sash. The facade consists of one window centered on each floor and an offset entrance with a single-leaf door and <br /> shed-roofed hood (no brackets). Flush with the fagade of the main block is a one-bay wide addition with a window centered in <br /> its front wall. <br /> The left side elevation, facing the street, has two widely spaced windows. The rear elevation has a small one-story, shed-roofed <br /> addition in the center of the first floor, rising from a poured concrete foundation. One window is centered in the street-side <br /> elevation of this appendage; another window is centered in the half-story of the main block. <br /> Although it has lost considerable architectural integrity through the application of artificial siding and trim, 24 Cottage Street is <br /> notable as a survivor of late 19th century, vernacular workers' housing in downtown Lexington. <br /> HISTORICAL NARRATIVE <br /> Discuss the history of the building. Explain its associations with local(or state)history. Include uses of the building, and the role(s) the <br /> owners/occupants played within the community. <br /> Cottage Street is first depicted in the 1875 Beers atlas, a U-shaped road squeezed into the acute angle between Woburn Street <br /> and the Middlesex Central (later Boston & Maine) Railroad tracks. The railroad arrived in Lexington in 1845-46. By 1875, five <br /> buildings were already lined up along the long portion of Cottage Street that is parallel to Woburn Street. Many of the buildings <br /> on this streetscape were moved here from Massachusetts Avenue (when that thoroughfare was developed with more upscale <br /> houses in the mid 19th century) and housed Irish immigrants who worked on the railroad. <br /> In 1898, John Savage owned a large, L-shaped piece of property along this portion of Cottage Street. Four buildings were lined <br /> up along the road, with a large barn behind the eastern-most house. One of these buildings stands in the location of today's <br /> #24; although the footprint drawn on the map does not match the present house, it is presumed to represent the same. John <br /> Savage, whose occupations evolved from milkman to farmer to "capitalist" (the latter in 1900), lived next door at 22 Cottage <br /> Street with his wife Julia (both were born in Ireland) and at least two children. After his death in 1904, Julia continued at#22 <br /> until at least 1913. <br /> 24 Cottage Street likely served as a rental property. The first known occupants were Manuel Moniz, a machinist, and his wife <br /> Mary, in 1922. From at least 1936 through 1965, the house was occupied by Ivar H. Ivarson, a motorman, his wife Edith, and <br /> their children. Family members residing here included several sons, their wives, and a grandson. Three of the sons served in <br /> the Army in World War II. Over the years, the children's occupations included truck driver, laborer, machinist, and landscaping. <br /> Continuation sheet I <br />